Lenin's Laureate: Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) pdf epub fb2

Lenin's Laureate: Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) by Paul R. Josephson pdf epub fb2 djvu

Author: Paul R. Josephson
Title: Lenin's Laureate: Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)
ISBN: 0262014580
ISBN13: 978-0262014588
Other Formats: doc azw lit txt
Pages: 320 pages
Publisher: The MIT Press (September 10, 2010)
Language: English
Size PDF version: 1583 kb
Size EPUB version: 1774 kb
Category: Biographies & Memoris
Subcategory: Historical

The life and work of a leading Soviet physicist and an exploration of the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science from Stalin through Gorbachev.

In 2000, Russian scientist Zhores Alferov shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the heterojunction, a semiconductor device the practical applications of which include LEDs, rapid transistors, and the microchip. The Prize was the culmination of a career in Soviet science that spanned the eras of Stalin, Khrushchev, and Gorbachev―and continues today in the postcommunist Russia of Putin and Medvedev.

In Lenin's Laureate, historian Paul Josephson tells the story of Alferov's life and work and examines the bureaucratic, economic, and ideological obstacles to doing state-sponsored scientific research in the Soviet Union. Lenin and the Bolsheviks built strong institutions for scientific research, rectifying years of neglect under the Czars. Later generations of scientists, including Alferov and his colleagues, reaped the benefits, achieving important breakthroughs: the first nuclear reactor for civilian energy, an early fusion device, and, of course, the Sputnik satellite. Josephson's account of Alferov's career reveals the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science―a schizophrenic environment of cutting-edge research and political interference. Alferov, born into a family of Communist loyalists, joined the party in 1967. He supported Gorbachev's reforms in the 1980s, but later became frustrated by the recession-plagued postcommunist state's failure to fund scientific research adequately. An elected member of the Russian parliament since 1995, he uses his prestige as a Nobel laureate to protect Russian science from further cutbacks.

Drawing on extensive archival research and the author's own discussions with Alferov, Lenin's Laureate offers a unique account of Soviet science, presented against the backdrop of the USSR's turbulent history from the revolution through perestroika.


Related PDF EPUB FB2 books to Lenin's Laureate: Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) by Paul R. Josephson
Soviet Music and Society under Lenin and Stalin: The Baton and Sickle (BASE ...
Soviet Music and Society under Lenin and Stalin: The Baton and Sickle (BASE ...
A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin
A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin
The Gorbachev Factor
The Gorbachev Factor
Research and Development Management: From the Soviet Union to Russia (Contr ...
Research and Development Management: From the Soviet Union to Russia (Contr ...
Soviet Union: Politics, Economics, and Society from Lenin to Gorbachev (Mar ...
Soviet Union: Politics, Economics, and Society from Lenin to Gorbachev (Mar ...
Soviet Criminal Justice under Stalin (Cambridge Russian, Soviet and Post-So ...
Soviet Criminal Justice under Stalin (Cambridge Russian, Soviet and Post-So ...
The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and Its Mem ...
The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and Its Mem ...
The Roots of Perestroika: The Soviet Breakdown in Historical Context
The Roots of Perestroika: The Soviet Breakdown in Historical Context
The Russian Revolution from Lenin to Stalin 1917-1929
The Russian Revolution from Lenin to Stalin 1917-1929
Lenin's Last Struggle (Ann Arbor Paperbacks For The Study Of Russian And So ...
Lenin's Last Struggle (Ann Arbor Paperbacks For The Study Of Russian And So ...
Semiconductor Heterostructures: Physical Processes and Applications (Advanc ...
Semiconductor Heterostructures: Physical Processes and Applications (Advanc ...
Soviet Nuclear Strategy from Stalin to Gorbachev: A Revolution in Soviet Mi ...
Soviet Nuclear Strategy from Stalin to Gorbachev: A Revolution in Soviet Mi ...